Pediatrics

Obesity During Young Adulthood Linked to Pancreatic Cancer Risk

People with a BMI of 30 or higher have a 20% greater risk of developing pancreatic cancer, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS), and the condition is more common in older adults. But a recent study suggests excess weight in early adulthood may pose more risk than weight gained later in life.


Re-Evaluating Young Adult Cancer Survival in Light of the AIDS Epidemic

From 1975 to 1997, five-year relative cancer survival rates among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) dropped significantly — a fact that researchers now link to HIV- and AIDS-related cancers.


The Burden of Youth: Obesity-Related Cancers on the Rise in Young People

As the obesity crisis continues, more young people face the specter of obesity-related cancers. Incidence rates for six malignancies linked to obesity are rising more sharply in successively younger age groups, according to a recent study, and experts say that could threaten the progress made in the fight against cancer.


Pediatric Profile

Behaviors That affect pediatric health shift alongside changing mores and broader cultural trends. For example, cigarette smoking among youths fell in recent years as tobacco use became less acceptable, and pediatric obesity has risen in the wake of higher rates of adult obesity. The data below underscore the need for fresh clinical approaches and highlight enduring challenges for pediatricians.


Injured Children Show Marked Increase in Mental Health Diagnoses

Children who are hospitalized for injuries may subsequently be more likely to be diagnosed with mental health issues, recent research suggests.


Study: Omalizumab Boosts Safety, Efficacy of Oral Immunotherapy for Multifood Allergies

The immunoglobulin E-blocking drug omalizumab limited the risk of adverse effects associated with oral immunotherapy (OIT) and increased OIT’s overall efficacy in participants with multiple food allergies, a phase 2 clinical trial at Stanford University found.


Study Shows Survival Advantage for Certain Leukemia Patients Treated in Pediatric Cancer Centers

Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have better survival rates if treated in pediatric cancer centers versus adult centers, according to a recent study in Blood Advances.


A Cost-effective Approach to Treating Pediatric C-diff

Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) via nasogastric feeding tube (NGT) is a cheaper yet similarly effective treatment method for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in children when compared with FMT via colonoscopy or nasoduodenal tube, a study from Children’s Hospital Colorado has found.


Obese Children, Obese Adults: A Troubling Trajectory

New research supports the view that obesity in early childhood is a predictor of adult obesity.


Pediatric Snapshot

Children and teens face a range of obstacles to good physical and mental health but are seeing benefits from progress in research and treatment.